The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) is a four-year program that lists all regionally-significant and federally-funded transportation projects and services in the county. It is developed cooperatively between the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO), PennDOT, and South Central Transit Authority.
The TIP is comprises the first four years of PennDOT’s Twelve-Year Program. It is ultimately approved by the PA State Transportation Commission, Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration.
The TIP update process occurs every two years and is initiated at the state level when PennDOT and its planning partners like the Lancaster MPO agree to General and Procedural Guidance and Financial Guidance (that allocates federal and state funding around the state).
Typically in Lancaster, the MPO then solicits problem / project suggestions from municipalities. These suggestions, along with projects identified by PennDOT’s asset and bridge management systems, the MPO’s Congestion Management Process, local bridge prioritization system, Smart Growth Transportation Program, Transportation Alternatives Program, and South Central Transit Authority priorities, are used to develop a draft TIP. The draft TIP undergoes air quality conformity analysis and a public review and comment period before being approved by the MPO.